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JSIA Michigan


Posted by Diane

Michigan employees are covered by the Jury Systems Improvement Act if they need to take time away from work in order to serve on a jury. The JSIA is a federal act that applies to employees in states across the U.S. that have been summoned to serve on a jury.  Because the Act is a federal Act, it may apply to all employees that are summoned across the country.

If an employee receives a jury duty summons, the employee needs to notify the employer of the upcoming jury duty service immediately so that the employer can make accommodations for the employee’s absence. Then, the employer must allow the employee to leave work in order to serve on the jury. The employer cannot take the jury duty service as a reason to discriminate against the employee.

Employers are not allowed to discriminate against employees that serve on a jury before, during, or after the jury duty service. Also, employers must ensure that they do not terminate an employee for reasons that are directly related to the jury duty service.

When an employee returns to work at the end of the period of jury duty service, the employee should have the same job, salary and benefits as the employee had prior to taking time off of work for jury duty service. Also, during the period of jury duty service, the employee should receive the same benefits that the employee had been receiving during regular employment, such as health insurance.

While employers may not coerce or attempt to coerce employees to postpone jury duty service, employees may be able to postpone service for their own reasons. For example, if an employee has an upcoming vacation or an illness, the employee may be able to postpone service.

If an employer is found guilty of discriminating against an employee for reasons that are based on the jury duty service, the employer could have to pay $1,000 per instance, per employee. Also, the employer could have to pay for lost wages and benefits to a terminated employee. CB

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